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Wool 101

Wool 101

In this 2nd part of our sweater series, we dive into one of the more common types of warm weather clothing- wool! 

Production

Most of us think of sheep when it comes to wool but it can also come from goats, llamas, and even rabbits- to name just a few. 

After an animal is sheared or combed to remove the wool, the fibers are cleaned, sorted, carded, and spun. The yarn is then woven into different types of textiles. 

Did you know?

Wool is durable, insulating, and highly flame resistant. 

It dates back to 4000 BC, and there is also evidence of its use in the Roman empire. It picked up around the Middle Ages in Europe, and then by 1200 AD, wool production became a major component of the Italian economy.

Different types of wool include:

  • Merino
  • Cashmere
  • Mohair
  • Alpaca
  • Camel
  • Virgin
  • Angora
  • Vicuna
  • Llama
  • Qiviut

Caring for wool garments

  • Treat stains by rinsing with cold water or seltzer water and blot dry 
  • Most wool garments can be placed in the washing machine using a cold water setting and the hand wash, gentle, or wool setting.
  • If there is excess water in the garment after washing, gently roll the garment in a towel. 
  • Dry on a flat surface away from direct heat or sunlight.
  • Loosely roll or fold with tissue paper to keep the fabric’s shape and to avoid wrinkles when traveling.
  • Dry cleaning once a season is usually sufficient.

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